The last three chapters of the book!
Projecting Overhead: What Renner says about using overheads is largely transferable to quality digital slides. In six points he manages to say that simple is best and to focus on readability. He then lists a bunch of Dos and Don’ts, which emphasize the value of controlling the learners’ attention by only revealing a bit of information at once, not leaving old slides on the screen, leaving lights on to allow for note-taking, and minimizing distractions such as waving your arms. He also emphasizes the importance of setting up the room so that everyone can see and spends a page listing diagrams.
He includes a “classic concept” at the end of this chapter that to me seems entirely incongruous but important: Knowles’s assumptions of adult learners:
- adults are motivated by what they feel they need to know;
- adults are more life-centered than subject-centered;
- adults have many experiences, and these should be analyzed in their education;
- adults want to engage in self-directed learning.
Seems a little ironic after a chapter of “how to transmit knowledge to learners via a one-way presentation.” Or maybe the juxtaposition was intentional?
Flipping Charts: Renner encourages posting flip-charts as records of what was discussed, but only inasmuch as they help the class focus. He spends four paragraphs talking about different qualities of paper and how to tear it, even describing and recommending the “matador tear.” This struck me as a little odd, or a little desperate to fill space. He recommends multiple easels or a blank wall, and specifically mentions that it’s nice to have a separate place for brainstorms and side-lists that aren’t the main focus.
He suggests bringing a screwdriver and pliers with you to presentations to remove pictures and nails from walls so you can hang flipchart paper. I cannot even imagine feeling comfortable un-decorating a meeting space that’s not my own.
He diagrams how to set up a row of flip-chart paper along the wall with already-torn tape in a neat line above it for writing and posting ease. He also diagrams how to tape the caps of four markers together, resulting in a “handy four-color dispenser,” which I thought was kinda clever. Then he crosses the line into micromanaging by telling you when to cap and put down your pens, and goes so far as to recommend throwing out dry markers immediately. I mean, sheesh.
His suggestion to use colors in such a way that learners can see them and to help organize text is also a bit obvious. He encourages abbreviation and posting an abbreviation key, which I agree with but there’s no mention of potential difficulties for English Language Learners. Encouraging presenters to remember to face the learners and to observe the sheets from a learner’s point of view were helpful pointers.
All in all, perhaps needlessly detailed.
Showing Films: Renner warns that old videos are more humorous than helpful, that they’re passive unidirectional tools, and that they have to have a purpose that relates to the topic. He spends a page and a half emphasizing planning ahead and previewing material. Then he reminds us to prepare the learners – give the film some context and tell the learners where you’ll be going with it, and then go somewhere with it both short-term and long-term.
He lists eight ways to go somewhere with films, including Q&A sessions, pitting the film against an article with a different viewpoint and comparing them, and creating “viewing teams” that address questions, clarity, disagreements, agreements, and application. I can actually use those ideas. Way to end strong, Renner!
My Overall Impressions
In writing notes on that second chapter, I kind of couldn’t believe he was still going. I’m still astounded that he spent the same amount of space discussing paper and markers how-to than he did when discussing how to properly prepare for, screen, and follow up with an educational film.
I was also surprised that there was no wrap-up to the book. It’s not one that’s necessarily intended to be read cover to cover, and each chapter was separate, but in a work that emphasizes discussion and debriefing, it was an abrupt ending.
More about the book overall in the next post.