The NY Times had an interesting brain science article written by Natalie Angier. It basically said that chronically stressed-out people’s brains change: their habit-forming neurons multiply while their decision-making neurons languish.
The result of these changes is that stressed-out people rely on habits, and that these habits can become “ruts” and downright counterproductive behavior. From the article:
“Behaviors become habitual faster in stressed animals than in the controls, and worse, the stressed animals can’t shift back to goal-directed behaviors when that would be the better approach,” Dr. Sousa said. “I call this a vicious circle.”
Angier also emphasizes the plasticity of the brain, noting that the brain returns to normal when the stressors are removed.
Some interesting groups of stressed-out people whose brain chemistry might be favoring habits over goal-driven behavior:
- Refugees and immigrants
- People struggling to pay bills (be they heat or private college tuition)
- Overworked, under-supported teachers
This has some pretty interesting ramifications. What I see applying to my students (many of whom are refugees):
- they need a safe, relaxed, predictable environment to help them think
- many would respond well to repetitive exercises, vocabulary drills, etc.
- teaching them basic survival habits will help them through future stressful situations
Also, this talk of stress and habits in relation to the brain begs the question of how this research fits in with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and addiction. These conditions aren’t addressed in the article.