Last week, I described several factors that make editing a particularly difficult task for ESL students.
Today, I’m going to offer some ideas for scaffolding editing in an academic writing setting. They’re based on my own experiences (including some from this semester in my lead teacher’s classroom), advice that’s been given to me, and my own ideas.
This is sort of a mini Activity Corner of its own, all about editing!
Strategies for Scaffolding Editing
Strategies to incorporate into your writing class routine…
- Practice writing the same information in several ways. Juggle clauses, use synonyms, use short sentences and long ones, etc.
- Hand out example work that needs editing side by side with how you would change it. You’ll need to emphasize that this is not The Answer Key – just a pretty good answer. This could be a good information gap activity for small groups.
- Practice editing a sentence or two together as a class each day as a warm-up. You could focus on grammar, word choice, style, hook/thesis/topic sentence effectiveness, etc.
Strategies for marking written assignments at home
- Don’t fix things that you want your students to learn when you edit their writing. Identify errors for them, but let the fixing be the students’ job.
- With minor errors, either let them go or quick write in that missing “the.”
- Use codes (i.e. WW = wrong word) and/or color codes (i.e. yellow = I don’t understand, pink = This is great!!) in-line to help them identify specific errors and give them a clue as to what’s wrong. Be consistent with your code all semester.
Strategies for students to help edit each other’s writing
- Prep the class for peer review and support their skills as reviewers with this Peer Review Scaffolding activity. You can do this to review each other’s homework, example thesis statements, etc.
- Set students up to give and receive both positive and negative feedback. Make it the expectation and build it into the task itself.
- If you use a code when you edit student work, consider having the student use that code (or part of it) to mark each other’s work.
- Consider using a short checklist or yes/no questions to keep students focused.
Strategies for having students correct their own writing, after teacher edits and/or peer review
- Offer bonus points or a few “points back” if students choose to submit corrections. Set an upper limit on how many points they can earn.
- Identify each student’s most common (or serious) error types and assign corrections on these. Corrections should be on separate paper and include a short explanation of why the change is correct. Note: this is really difficult and time-consuming for students. From what I hear though, it really pays off.
In The Moment
Strategies for when you’re circulating in class and a student is stuck on an editing task:
- Ask the student to read it out loud. This can be especially helpful with punctuation. Note: this will probably help auditory learners and Global English speakers more than it will help your book learners and hesitant speakers.
- Target the basic organization: paragraph level, then sentence order. Ask the student if the organization is strong and every sentence is where it needs to be.
- Target the shortest sentences. They’re the easiest to get right.
- Target the longest sentences. They’re the easiest to garble. There is likely a problem.
- When targeting long sentences, have the student break it into multiple short sentences on scratch paper. This can help them see the structure and fix the errors in the longer sentence.
What do you have to add?
Would it be useful if I spelled out details and examples of any of these strategies? Let me know in the comments!